Housing and Development Board (HDB)

Housing and Development Board (HDB) is the statutory board of the Ministry of National Development responsible for public housing in Singapore. It is generally credited with clearing the squatters and slums of the 1960s and resettling residents into low-cost state-built housing.

Today, as many as 85% of Singaporeans live in public housing provided by the HDB.

Below are the types of flats.

Studio Apartment
2-Room Flat
3-Room Flat
4-Room Flat
5-Room Flat
Housing and Urban Development Company (HUDC) flats are a type of housing unique to Singapore. They were first built in 1974 to cater to a sandwiched class of Singaporeans who can afford something better than the typical public housing, or HDB flats, but yet still find private housing unaffordable. Moreover in the 1970s there were fewer private housing in the country.

The Singapore Government set up the Housing and Urban Development Company (HUDC) Private Limited to develop HUDC flats. These flats stood out for their roomy interiors. The earliest ones had units which ranged between 139 sq m to 158 sq m. Besides their spaciousness, HUDC projects also boasted better amenities, compared to HDB flats, like covered car parks and landscaped grounds.

HUDC flats were developed over four phases from 1974 to 1987. Phase I and II ran from 1974 to the early 1980s and were overseen by the Housing and Urban Development Company (HUDC) Private Limited; while Phase III and IV lasted from 1982 to 1987 when HDB took charge of the building of new HUDC (such as Tampines Court and Ivory Heights).

On the back of waning popularity, the building of new HUDC ceased in 1984. When the HUDC scheme ended, there were already 18 HUDC projects and 7,731 units altogether, such as Tampines Court and Ivory Heights.

In 1995, the Government announced plans to privatise HUDC as long as 75 per cent of the owners in a project agree to it.

Design, Build and Sell Scheme (DBSS) is introduced by the Housing and Development Board in 2005. Flats built under the scheme are meant for public housing and developed by private developers. They are built with supposedly better designs and quality and in sites such as Tampines, Boon Keng, Ang Mo Kio, Bishan, Simei, Toa Payoh, Yishun, Tampines, Bedok, Hougang, Jurong West and Clementi.

As HDB does not control the price of the DBSS units being sold, the scheme is poorly received and subsequently suspended